What is Artificial Intelligence ?

Artificial intelligence is also known as AI. It has the ability of a computer or a robot controlled by a computer to complete work that is usually done by humans because they require human intelligence. Computers also have an intelligence which was made by humans so it is called artificial intelligence. It is the branch of computer sciences that works on the development of intelligent machines on thinking and working like humans. For example, problem-solving, learning. The AI wants to make a robot like a person who can understand language and think like a person or better than a person. It is the future because technology like Siri and all robotic technology is based on it. In the future AI will replace the person in the dangerous job. People think that they use technology which does work of mind and memories all thing . John McCarthy is known as the father of artificial intelligence .There are four types of artificial intelligence: reactive machines, limited memory, theory of mind and self-awareness. The meanings are given below:     

Artificial intelligence
Artificial intelligence


1.Reactive machines

It is the most basic type of AI. These machines only focus on current script and react on it as possible as best action and they do not store memory of past so they not use information in future.                                                                    

2.Limited memory

These machines can store past experiences or some data for a short period of time. These machines can use stored data for a limited time. It did not stop data for lifetime.  

3. Theory of mind

These machines are made to  the ability of the human mind to facilitate mental states to others – is a key component of human feeling. The same capability of referring to human mental states is a condition for artificial intelligence (AI) to be integrated into human society.                                                             

4. Self awareness

These are systems that can form representations of themselves. These would be machines that are ‘aware’ of themselves and know their internal states, for example robots.

What is a neural network and its type ?

There are three types of neural networks AI. Artificial neural networks, simply called neural networks, are computing systems that are surely inspired by the biological neural networks that gather up animal brains and in computers there is an artificial neural network which quickly takes input and sends output.

There are three types of neural networks that are given below.

  1. Artificial neural networks[ANN]    
  2. Convolution Neural Networks[CNN]  
  3. Recurrent neural networks[RNN].                                                                                                                        

1. Artificial neural networks

An artificial neural network (ANN) is the piece of a computing system designed to fake the way the human brain analyzes and processes information. It is the base of artificial intelligence (AI) and solves problems that would prove impossible or difficult by humans.  

2. Convolution Neural Networks

convolutional neural network (CNN) is a type of artificial neural network used in image identification and processing that is designed to process pixel data. Neural network is a system of hardware and software. They are important because they can accept hidden patterns and mathematics in raw data.                                                                                                        

3. Recurrent neural networks

Recurrent neural networks are helpful in modeling sequence data. It works on the principle of saving the output of a particular layer and back to the input in order to define the future of the output layer.                      

  What AI plays a role in the present ? AI is used in our daily life like Siri. It is used for personal recommendation. AI is important in commerce like optimizing products and planning some inventory. Artificial intelligence (AI) is the ability of a computer or a robot controlled by itself to do tasks that are usually done by humans because they require human intelligence. 

Disadvantage of and Advantage of artificial intelligence

There are also advantages and disadvantages of AI. First we talk about the advantages of AI.

  • It reduces human error because humans make mistakes but machines can not do mistakes.
  • It takes risks instead of humans like defusing bombs and mining and it also works all day, it does not want to rest like humans.
  • It also solves mathematical problems.

But it also has some disadvantages like machines needing updates and maintenance which need plenty of money. It also makes humans lazy. It creates unemployment and if robots are coded in the wrong way it makes danger to human life.


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